"A Parable about a
and in quotes: Original text of Baal HaSulam
Commentaries of Rav Laitman
italics: emphasized words
italics: transliteration from Hebrew
Baal HaSulam writes:
"A parable about a king who
grew fond of his servant…" In
other words, the Creator chooses a person or servant. Why a servant?
Because this person is completely under the influence of the Creator, or
under the influence of his own nature. A person’s natural internal
conditions as well as all of the outer conditions are obviously created by
And so, "A parable
about a king who grew fond of his servant until he wanted to raise him
above all the ministers." That is, above all of the forces
with which the Creator controls this servant.
A person in this world is
controlled by various forces from the side of the Creator. They arouse
specific properties inside of the person and form specific conditions
around him in such a way that the person is a servant of his inner and
A person is made from the one
and only material called "the desire to delight" or egoism.
Because of this he makes a calculation every time, how to use this egoism
to suffer less and fulfill himself more.
He constantly does a very simple
calculation: how to achieve the maximum fulfillment with the minimum
efforts. Inside of us there exists one very interesting program. This is
the program of the maximization of pleasure with minimization of efforts.
And so, the Creator chooses a
person and wishes to elevate him above all of the conditions which are
called his ministers.
"A parable about a king who
grew fond of his servant until he wanted to raise him above all the
ministers, for he had recognized true and unwavering love in his
heart." Of course, the servant
does not understand this. The Creator sees this because it was specifically
He who placed the point in the heart into this servant or this person. It
is called a part of the Creator, and is given from above. However, this
point in the heart is only a point. Moreover, it is not there owing to the
person, rather, it was done by the Creator.
So what can be done for the
person to ascend above his own nature to the level of the King, or the
level of the Creator? If the Creator Himself does this then He will create
a puppet, the same that is in our world right now on a smaller level. He
will simply elevate it and make a big puppet out of it, but this will not
be an independent individual who is similar and equal to Him in his
freedom, power, attainment and possibilities.
That is why he says: "However,
it is not royal comportment to raise one to the highest level all at once
without an apparent reason", meaning, without a person having
preconditions for it.
"Rather, the royal
comportment is to reveal the reasons for all with great wisdom." What does "compels the King to reveal to
everyone" mean? Who does the King have an obligation to? He does not
have an obligation to anyone.
"To reveal to
everyone" means to reveal to all the properties inside a person that
control him. That is, to reveal to all the ministers that the person is
above them. In addition, to do this in a way that all the efforts would be
done by the person himself, so that the person will take any one of the
properties that the Creator sends him and correct in such a way that he
will become the boss of this minister, or the boss of this property.
"What did he do?" in order to elevate a person to his level, but so
that the person would independently walk this path and become equal to the
King in this way? "He appointed the servant a guard at the
city gate…"He takes this person and appoints him as a guard. A
guard of what? His own egoism! To make sure that he does not use it for his
This means: "He
appointed the servant a guard at the city gate, and told a minister who was
a clever joker to pretend to rebel against the kingship, and wage war to
conquer the house while the guard is unprepared."
The minister did what the King
commanded: very thought-out and cleverly he pretended to want to capture
the King’s castle. And the servant who was guarding the treasury fought to
the death, defending his King, fighting against the disguised minister with
great courage, without sparing any strength, without sparing his life, and
his love to the Creator was revealed to everyone.
Obviously, the servant did not
understand that the Creator Himself sent this minister to him who was disguised
as a culprit who wanted to capture the King’s castle, to kill the King and
to take his place. That is, the Creator grants a person the chance to be a
guard of His chambers.
After the servant fought to the
death, not sparing and completely not thinking about himself, his whole
love for the King was revealed. "Then the minister took off
his cloths and there was great laughter for he had fought so fiercely, and
now realized that there was only fiction here, not reality. They laughed
most when the minister told of the depth of the imaginations of his cruelty
and the fear he had envisioned. Every single item in this terrible war
became a round of laughter and great joy."
This is exactly what happens
with us when we try to remain connected with the Creator and at the same
time receive all kinds of obstacles. We do not suspect that these obstacles
also come to us from the Creator.
The Creator confuses us so much
that there is no way for us to know that this is really coming from Him.
However, our devotion to Him and our readiness to connect with Him is
tested specifically in the concealment of the Creator. This is when the
readiness to battle against our own egoism is tested. Wherever the fears,
uncertainty, disillusions, and sufferings are perceived, that is where the
real merriment can be revealed.
"However, he is still a
servant, he is not scholarly. How can he be raised…" to be equal to the King; he has only proven his
devotion to the King and his readiness to defend him. He proved that he can
be a real guard of the King, that is, his egoism is not an obstacle to him
in this area.
As we say, a person performed
a Tzimtzum on himself, acquired the Kelim
de-Hashpa’a, or the desire to give his whole self to the Creator. In
the servant, this property was created by the first fight with the culprit.
However, he is still completely
not trained to be above the ministers, meaning to act and govern in their
place. He is only trained to defend against his own egoism, to defend
against enemies, but not yet to preside and to be equivalent in actions to
the Creator. He only has the Kelim de-Hashpa’a. He is protected
from his own egoism, he is ready to give everything to the Creator, but he
is still not ready to work with bestowal for Him.
"How can he be raised above
all the ministers and the king’s servants? Then the king thought in his
heart (the King thought in his
heart!) and said to that minister that he must disguise himself as
a robber and a murderer, and wage fierce war against him. The king new that
in the second war he would display wondrous wisdom, and merit standing at
the head of all the ministers."
And who governs all of the
ministers? The King himself. That is, in the second war the servant will
acquire the wisdom of the Creator and the possibility of acting the same
way as the Creator.
"Hence, he appointed the
servant in charge of the kingdom’s treasure." The first time he placed him to protect only his
treasury. What does "treasury" mean? This is the desire to
receive. He would have to stand in front of these desires to receive in
such a way so that his own egoism would not penetrate there. The second
time the servant becomes the keeper not only of the treasury, but of all
the treasures of the King in general. In other words, the King bestowed the
servant with the rule over the whole kingdom.
"The minister now dressed
as a ruthless killer and came to loot the king’s treasures. The poor
appointee fought fearlessly and devotedly, until the cup was filled. Then
the minister took of his cloths(that
is, the ruthless killer took off the disguise and revealed himself,
revealing that he was only an ambassador sent by the King) and
there was great joy and laughter in the king’s palace, even more than
"The details of the
minister’s tricks (the whole game that he played
with the poor guard) aroused great laughter, since now the minister
had to be smarter than before because now it is evidently known that no one
is cruel in the king’s domain, (that everything is under the
control of the King himself) and all the cruel ones are but
The first time the servant
already learned this and the clear knowledge remained in him. "Therefore,
the minister used great craftiness to acquire clothes of evil."
So on the second time the poor
servant believed that there is really a culprit in front of him, and not a
minister in disguise. He fought to the death and was ready for anything to
defend his King.
" Yet, in the
meantime, the servant inherited "wisdom" from after-knowledge,
and "love" from fore-knowledge…" As a result of
the very battles, and of everything that happened to him as a result of the
battles and in the process of the battle (the attack on him and his rebuke)
he attains intelligence.
When he reaches the end result
and it becomes revealed that it came from the Creator, then together with
the acquired intelligence and understanding that this was a game, a great
love for the Creator also emerged in the servant, because he understands
why this game was necessary. He sees what he has acquired as a result of
these fake battles. " …and then has been erected for
Baal HaSulam says: "The
thing you most want to hear me speak of is one to which I cannot answer
anything. I have also told you a parable about this face to face, for
"the kingdom of the earth is as the kingdom of the firmament,"
and the true guidance is given to the ministers. Yet, everything is done
according to the king’s counsel and his signature."
That is, on one hand we see a
huge world in front of us, in which there exist forces that seem to be
absolutely isolated from the Creator, in no way connected to Him and
opposite to Him. On the other hand, they necessarily come only from the
direct order and command of the Creator.
"The king himself does no
more than sign the plan that the ministers devised." That is, stemming from whatever a person needs for
further development, stemming from the Root of a person’s soul, the
ministers (or the law of nature) prepare our next state, they determine the
way in which obstacles will come to us right now and the way in which they
will influence us.
"If he finds a flaw in the
plan, he does not correct it.." that
is, cancels a specific influence on a person"…but places another
minister in his place, and the first resigns from office."
I want you to think about what
this means, that instead of one minister the King appoints another one, if
the plan of the previous minister is not good and not befitting in the eyes
of the King. In what way can it be bad? The King can see a flaw in the plan
of influence of a force on a person? Does this mean that these forces can
work out their own plans? They have some freedom of will? Why does Baal
HaSulam write this way?
Look at what he says:
"The king himself does no
more than sign the plan (he
only affirms the plan) that the ministers devised."The
ministers work out a plan, that is, the forces of nature that influence us
get together and cause an influence on a person.
But before they begin to
influence a person, the plan in a manner of speaking, undergoes the
Creator’s review. And if the Creator sees that there is a flaw in it, that
it is incorrectly prepared by the laws of nature or the ministers, then He
annuls this plan and appoints another minister who presents a different
plan to Him.
"So is man, a small world,
behaving according to the letters imprinted in him, since kings rule the
seventy nations (our 70 properties) in
him (inside of us)."
Or we can say that there are 620
desires in a person, sometimes we call them 613 desires. Sometimes we can
call them the seven main desires: Hesed, Gvurah, Tifferet, Netzah,
Hod, Yesod and Malchut. Sometimes instead of 7 desires
we say 70 because each one, in turn, consists of 10 sub-parts and 7 times
10 makes 70 desires, including the particular ones called the 70 nations of
the world inside a person.
"This is the meaning of
what is written in the Sefer Yetzira (Book of Creation):
"He crowned a certain letter." Each letter is a minister for the
time being, making evaluations, and the King of the world sings them. When
the letter errs in some plan, it immediately resigns from office, and He
crowns another letter in its place.
This is the meaning of,
"Each generation and its judges."" In Hebrew it sounds like this: Dor Dor ve
Dorshav – each generation and its judges. "At the end
of correction the letter called "Messiah" (Redeemer)will
rule.." that is, such a force, such a minister, who is called the
liberator "…and will tie all the generations to a crown of
glory in the hand of the Creator."
However, all of this will be
only under the influence of the ministers who are appointed by the Creator
and who come to the person and confuse him in every possible way, in order
to give him the opportunity to battle against himself for the sake of the
Right now you and I have found
mercy in the eyes of the Creator, which is evidenced by the fact that He
allowed us and He helped us to have this Congress where a mutual merging of
all the Kelim, a mutual communication and a mutual yearning
towards the Creator became possible.
We have to understand that all
of this has been created by Him and it’s a sign of the fact that He desires
us. That is, right now we are on the level that is described in this
parable as: "A parable about a king who grew fond of his
Right now you and I are in a state
when the Creator took a liking to us. And after this there will follow a
state when He will direct all kinds of obstacles towards us; He will send
his ministers against who we will have to battle, because they wish to
separate, divide and move us further from the Creator.
If we will yearn to see the
disguised ministers of the Creator in all of our problems and obstacles
then they will immediately become annulled and we will immediately connect
with the Creator again. If we will not be able to do this then we will fall
into the battle and the state of unknowing.
We must try with all our
strengths to battle the misfortunes, questions, disappointments, and
confusion in us, which separate us from the Creator. This is the culprit
that is attacking us.
I advise you to reread this
letter one more time, it tells us about many things.